Entering the city council meeting, the fine for dumping of refuse in the city carried a maximum penalty of $2,000.
Under the ordinance amendment, the maximum penalty is set now to $4,000, the highest permitted by state law.
The increased fine amount passed unanimously.
The latest bid to resolve a years-running issue came just weeks after the city's Department of Solid Waste Management advised its junk waste collection efforts were a week behind.
13 INVESTIGATES: Tens of thousands of illegally dumped tires in Houston; few arrests
Mayor Sylvester Turner also spent a portion of his fiscal year 2022 budget presentation focusing on illegal dumping.
"Some of those [budget] dollars, we'll certainly have to look at, improving the quality of life in communities hard pressed with illegal dumping and a lot of trash," Turner said earlier this month.
Eyewitness News has documented the greater Houston area's illegal dumping issues.
Last month, Harris County Precinct 1 constable deputies arrested a man who has had a history of illegal dumping convictions dating back to 2009.
And in one of the most extreme instances, a boat was left in a spot in east Houston where dumping has been all too common.
Third Ward residents clean up their neighborhood's illegal dumping site