The ill effects are caused mostly by too much caffeine or similar ingredients. Some cans have four to five times more caffeine than soda.
The authors want pediatricians to routinely ask patients and their parents about energy drink use and to advise against drinking them.
The report says energy drinks often contain ingredients that can enhance the jittery effects of caffeine or that can have other side effects including nausea and diarrhea. It says they should be regulated as stringently as tobacco, alcohol and prescription medicines.