A day earlier, a state report using partial test results claimed water quality was on the rise. Officials acknowledge they only counted bacteria outbreaks during peak swimming months. Authorities and environmentalists alike largely blame storm water runoff and aging drainage infrastructure for the pollution.
"Texans should not be swimming in human and animal waste," said Brittany Ballard, citizen outreach director for Environment Texas. "Not only are the beaches polluted, the way they were tested is also failing the American public."
The national report, entitled Testing the Waters, showed there were 25,571 days in which U.S. beaches were closed or advisories were issued, the second highest level since the National Resources Defense Council began tracking the data gathered from periodic water sampling 18 years ago. About 7 percent of the 2007 tests nationwide showed excessive bacteria levels; in Texas, 9 percent exceeded the standard, according to the study.
"Our beaches are really not that great compared to the rest of the nation," Ballard said. The group is pushing for expanded sampling and faster tests.
Only two Texas beaches showed up on the national group's list of highly rated beaches, which received one to five stars based on sampling methods and water quality ratings. They were Stewart Beach Park in Galveston and McGee Beach at Corpus Christi Bay, both of which received one star based on prompt reporting of poor water quality.
Otherwise, the Corpus Christi area has some of the worst beach water ratings in the study. Of the six beaches that exceeded the national standard for bacteria 25 percent of the time or more in 2007, five were in Nueces County: Cole Park (44 percent), Ropes Park (38 percent), Emerald Beach (35 percent) and Poenisch Park (33 percent) and Laguna Shores (26 percent). McGee Beach, despite its one-star rating, exceeded standards 19 percent of the time last year, the study found.
A day before the environmental group released its report, the Texas General Land Office, which compiles the testing data, issued an upbeat news release touting the "safer, cleaner Texas beaches."
"Fewer beach advisories were required in 2007 than in 2006," the agency said. The reason for the discrepancy: the land office only counted the peak swimming months of May-September and the popular Spring Break period.
"It's clear in there we're talking about the summer months," agency spokesman Jim Suydam said. "The idea is to capture the best data from when people are at the beach."