University of Houston's new research may detect cancer cells faster and easier

CultureMap logo
Tuesday, November 2, 2021
More women who aren't smokers diagnosed with lung cancer, but why?
In this previous report, ABC13 looked at how lung cancer has been unfairly labeled as a smoker's disease, but it turns out you can still get it from your environment alone. Could new research from the University of Houston help detect cancer cells sooner?

HOUSTON, Texas -- Early stage cancer is hard to detect, mostly because traditional diagnostic imaging cannot detect tumors smaller than a certain size. One Houston innovator is looking to change that.

Wei-Chuan Shih, professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Houston's Cullen College of Engineering, recently published his findings in IEEE Sensors journal. According to a news release from UH, the cells around cancer tumors are small - 30-150nm in diameter - and complex, and the precise detection of these exosome-carried biomarkers with molecular specificity has been elusive, until now.

"This work demonstrates, for the first time, that the strong synergy of arrayed radiative coupling and substrate undercut can enable high-performance biosensing in the visible light spectrum where high-quality, low-cost silicon detectors are readily available for point-of-care application," says Shih in the release. "The result is a remarkable sensitivity improvement, with a refractive index sensitivity increase from 207 nm/RIU to 578 nm/RIU."

The video above is from a previous report.

For more on this story, visit our partners at Culturemap.