Texas judge rules people under felony indictment have right to buy guns under Second Amendment

ByCourtney Carpenter and Jolie McCullough, The Texas Tribune KTRK logo
Tuesday, September 20, 2022
Judge rules those under felony indictment can buy guns under amendment
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The Texas case arose out of the conviction of a man who had purchased a gun while under indictment and lied about it during his background check, according to Counts' ruling.

HOUSTON, Texas (KTRK) -- It is no longer constitutional to ban people under felony indictment from buying guns, a federal judge in Texas ruled Monday.

U.S. District Judge David Counts, appointed by former President Donald Trump to Texas' western federal district, found that a landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling from June invalidates federal law which prohibits those charged with a felony from obtaining a gun. It was not immediately clear if the ruling would be appealed.

This summer, the high court's ruling in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen, written by Justice Clarence Thomas, struck down the state's concealed carry law and held that courts going forward should uphold gun restrictions only if there is a tradition of them in U.S. history. Counts said he found no such history for limiting access to guns for those charged but not convicted of felony crimes, though he acknowledged his search was "not exhaustive."

In the same ruling, Counts both tossed a charge of obtaining a firearm while under indictment and noted it was unknown "whether a statute preventing a person under indictment from receiving a firearm aligns with this Nation's historical tradition of firearm regulation." Also unknown, he said, is "the constitutionality of firearm regulations in a post-Bruen world."

SEE RELATED STORY: Gun laws in Texas allowed Uvalde school shooter to legally purchase weapons

"This Court does not know the answers; it must only try to faithfully follow Bruen's framework," he said.

In an earlier filing, the U.S. attorney's office said the law to prohibit those under felony indictment from obtaining guns does not interfere with the Second Amendment "because it does not disarm felony indictees who already had guns and does not prohibit possession or public carry."

"The Second Amendment has always allowed laws restricting the gun rights of groups viewed by legislatures as posing a public-safety risk, including those accused but not convicted of wrongdoing," the prosecution wrote.

The Texas case arose out of the conviction of a man who had purchased a gun while under indictment and lied about it during his background check, according to the ruling. Last year, while indicted on charges of burglary and missing court dates, Jose Gomez Quiroz tried to buy a semi-automatic pistol at an Alpine store. He denied he was under indictment on his background check form, and, after a seven-day wait for approval, picked up his new gun.

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Days later, the federal system alerted that the purchase was illegal. He was convicted on the same day of the Supreme Court ruling. Almost immediately, he appealed, claiming the New York ruling invalidates the law he broke. Counts agreed.

"The Second Amendment is not a 'second class right,'" he ruled. "No longer can courts balance away a constitutional right."

Nicole Golden, executive director of Texas Gun Sense, said there have long been "reasonable limitations" on the right to bear arms enshrined in the Second Amendment.

"Support for sensible gun laws has been really high, especially this summer in the wake of Uvalde," Golden said. "This feels very much in violation of what I think the public is expecting when it comes to how we address our public safety."

Mark Jones, a professor of political science at Rice University, believes this ruling will make the work of gun reform advocates more challenging because it creates uncertainty about what can be done at the state level.

"One thing I think we'll see, here in Texas, is a lot of resistance in the 2023 legislative session. Any common sense gun reforms using the arguments that, if passed, they would simply be ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court after the Bruen precedent," Jones said.

Jones said he expects there will be many more cases like this one.

"The Bruen decision opened a Pandora's box regarding what extent state laws can restrict second amendment rights from things ranging from concealed carry to who can purchase a weapon to when, and how," Jones said.

When it comes to if bond conditions may be impacted by this ruling, experts say it is possible. However, Jed Silverman, the president of the Harris County Criminal Lawyers Association, said he doesn't think it is likely in the Houston area.

"I think at least here in Harris County given everything that we are dealing with, you are going to be hard-pressed to find a judge who is going to allow somebody who is under federal indictment to possess firearms," Silverman said.

Jesus Vidales and Courtney Carpenter contributed to this report.

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