Brass knuckles and alcohol delivery: These are some of the laws going into effect on Sept. 1

TEXAS (KTRK) -- A fresh set of laws will go into effect in Texas starting on Sept 1.

During the 2019 legislative session, major laws were passed, ranging on everything from hazing to lemonade stands.

Take a look at what's in store.

Porch Pirates
A warning to those who have made a career out of stealing packages off porches: you could go to prison. A new Texas law set to go into effect Sept. 1 will make it a felony to steal anything considered mail, including letters, postcards, packages and other sealed items.

It's a first-degree felony if you steal from more than 50 people, a second-degree felony if you steal from 20 to 50 people, and a state felony if you steal from fewer than 10 people.

If you're caught and convicted, you could spend anywhere from six months to 10 years in prison. You could also have to deal with a hefty fine, ranging anywhere from $4,000 to $10,000.

Hazing
SB 38 redefines hazing in many ways. The first major change will be civil and criminal immunity for "any person who voluntarily reports a specific hazing incident."

The second major change will affect how higher education institutions will be required to report hazing incidents to students. Schools and universities will now be required to send hazing reports to students at least 14 days before the start of each semester.

Under the new law, universities are required to include more information in annual hazing reports, such as when an incident occurred, the date the investigation began, descriptions of the incident and violations, the findings of any school investigations and the final sanction.

Lemonade stands
With HB 234, Children's unlicensed lemonade stands won't be criminal enterprises.

Cities and neighborhood associations will now be prohibited from blocking or regulating children under the age of 18 from trying to sell non-alcoholic beverages on private property.

Sexual assault kit testing
Texas is improving the processing and testing of sexual assault kits by enacting HB 8. This will establish a time frame for the submission and analysis of newly collected kits.

Law enforcement agencies are required to collect kits from medical facilities within seven to 14 days, and crime labs are required to test kits within 90 days of receiving the evidence.

The bill will also prohibit law enforcement agencies from destroying rape kits related to unsolved cases for 40 years or until the statute of limitations expires.

Minimum age for tobacco sales
SB 21 says that people in Texas will have to be at least 21 years old to purchase cigarettes.

According to supporters of the age increase, the law should reduce the risk of addiction.

Increased fines/fees for drivers

SB 2048 will kill the Driver Responsibility Program, which required Texans convicted of certain traffic offenses to pay an annual surcharge on top of criminal penalties and court fines in order to keep and use their driver's licenses.

Drivers who've had their licenses suspended under the previous law will now get them reinstated.

All traffic tickets and moving violations in the state will be increased by $20 and intoxicated driver fines will increase as well.

Alcohol delivery
SB 1232 allows restaurants, bars or businesses with a mixed beverage permit to deliver alcohol with food to homes or other off-premises locations.

Brass knuckles
HB 446 removes brass knuckles from the Penal Code's definition of prohibited weapons, making it legal to carry.

Cough syrup
HB 1518 requires an age-18 requirement for the purchase of over-the-counter medicines containing the cough suppressant dextromethorphan, an ingredient which is abused by some teenagers to get high.

Postpartum depression
HB 253 requires a five-year strategic plan to improve access to postpartum depression screening, referral, treatment and support services.

Hunting/fishing license
HB 547 allows people in Texas to show digital images of hunting and fishing licenses.

Sexual assault
SB 1259 expands the definition of sexual assault. If a health care provider used "human reproductive material from a donor knowing that the other person had not expressly consented to the use of material from that donor," it's considered sexual assault.

School marshals
HB 1387 abolishes the cap on how many school marshals a campus can appoint.

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