Daniel Ramos is alleging assault, battery, negligence and violation of his civil rights in the lawsuit filed Wednesday.
Ramos was a member of the paparazzi who staked out at the airport July 19 to snap celebrity photos. He was talking to West, who stopped and addressed him.
Ramos claimed the rapper then suddenly punched him in an unprovoked attack and wrestled his camera to the ground.
Last week, the district attorney's office declined to prosecute West, saying Ramos didn't have a significant injury. The city attorney's office was considering whether to file misdemeanor charges.
An attorney for West couldn't immediately be located.
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