The breakdown released Friday says the American Jobs Act would support 64,100 construction jobs, 39,500 teaching and first responder positions and provide job training for 37,900 people.
The president unveiled the plan Thursday night. It would also cut the payroll tax for 390,000 Texas companies and spend $8 billion on projects and workers within the state.
Obama said the costs would be covered by deficit reduction legislation that would be announced later.
The proposal met with immediate disdain from Gov. Rick Perry, who is also running for president. Perry said Obama's proposal "offers little hope for millions of Americans who have lost jobs." Perry said the answer was to cut spending, not spend more.