The move will pair the Bowling Congress with the Bowling Proprietors' Association of America there, the trade group for those in the industry.
The two groups plan to build a $14 million international bowling campus in Arlington, USBC President Jeff Boje said in a news release Tuesday. They also hope to strengthen the sport by working together on youth bowling and coaching programs.
The decision means more than 200 jobs will move from Greendale, a Milwaukee suburb.
USBC had hinted for months it wanted to leave Milwaukee. It cited the cost of doing business, including taxes and health care costs, in southeast Wisconsin as a major factor.
Milwaukee has long counted bowling as a big part of its heritage. The main characters in the 1970s television show "Laverne and Shirley," which was set in Milwaukee, often bowled.